International Economics supported DFID in preparing a study on the existing General Schemes of Preference (GSP), reviewing evidence and case studies to evaluate the impact of preferential trade arrangements on gender equality and women’s economic empowerment (WEE), in order to provide recommendations on the criteria, indicators and impact pathways for the UK’s future GSP system post-Brexit as well as future Aid-for-Trade programmes.

The project aimed to facilitate the understanding and measurement of how unilateral trade preferences impact gender equality and WEE in developing countries and, within the context of the UK GSP, how to both ensure it is “doing no harm”, while also shifting to an approach that can move beyond this, leading to transformational positive impacts.