International Economics (IEC) is conducting a study for the Commonwealth Secretariat to raise awareness and enhance understanding about the various dimensions of sustainability; and identify the numerous constraints and trade barriers faced by Commonwealth small states in promoting sustainable trade in selected supply chains and specific national, regional and global value chains.

In order to develop a conceptual framework for an improved understanding of what constitutes “sustainable trade” for the Commonwealth 30 developing small states, IEC will identify the key sustainability provisions in the various trade agreements involving the Commonwealth member countries, as well as best practices and innovative governance arrangements on sustainable production and trade in trade agreements. This framework will provide a basis for analysing case studies about fisheries, forestry, cocoa and garments by the Secretariat. Finally, IEC will provide policy recommendations to promote sustainable trade and develop an argument for positive discrimination and granting trade preferences because of sustainable production and trade practices.