International Economics is undertaking a research to support the Department for International Trade (DIT) to obtain a better understanding of the experience of the US in implementing TIFAs with Africa and the impact that these have had, if any, in bilateral trade and investment performance. The research will focus on thirteen TIFAs throughout Africa notably with Algeria, the EAC, ECOWAS, Egypt, Ghana, Libya, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Tunisia, South Africa and the West African Economic and Monetary Union TIFA.

The team will answer the following research questions:

  • What are the individual commitments that positively and negatively impact exporters and investors operating in Africa?
  • What has been the longer-term impact of the TIFA? Has it led to an increase in trade flows for particular industries/sectors? if so, what were those industries/sectors (in both the US and Africa)? Has the TIFA also led to further trade agreements (FTA or otherwise)? If so, what are those agreements?
  • What recommendations can be made to make TIFA type of arrangements more valuable for a trade and investment relationship between the two parties?